He mentions Malippala (Malpe) a coastal town of Karnataka.In this work Larika and Kandaloi are identified as Rastrika and Kuntala.Ptolemy writes in the midst of the false mouth and the Barios, there is a city called Maganur (Mangalore).He mentions of inland centres of pirates called Oloikhora (Alavakheda).The Halmidi inscription provides invaluable information about the history and culture of Karnataka.Recent reports indicate that the Old Kannada Nishadi inscription discovered on the Chandragiri hill, Shravanabelagola, is older than Halmidi inscription by about fifty to hundred years and may belong to the period AD 350–400. Shettar is of the opinion that an inscription of the Western Ganga King Kongunivarma Madhava (c.
This would show a far more intimate contact of the Greeks with Kannada culture than with Indian culture elsewhere.) is said to be written on a huge wall constructed in Alexandria in the 4th century BCE as part of the remnants of 36,000 palm manuscripts that had been burnt in an accidental fire in Alexander's time.
The vernacular Prakrit speaking people may have come into contact with Kannada speakers, thus influencing their language, even before Kannada was used for administrative or liturgical purposes.
Kannada phonetics, morphology, vocabulary, grammar and syntax show significant influence from these languages.
Some examples of naturalised (tadbhava) words of Prakrit origin in Kannada are: baṇṇa (color) derived from vaṇṇa, hunnime (full moon) from puṇṇivā.
Examples of naturalized Sanskrit words in Kannada are: varṇa (color), arasu (king) from rajan, paurṇimā, and rāya from rāja (king).
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